Wrinkle is a fold or a crease in the skin appear generally as a result of aging processes. Wrinkles result from an accumulation of various types of damage.
When we are young, as our the skin has a great capacity of stretching and holding in moisture, we won’t have wrinkles. However, over time, it loses this ability and succumbs to external and internal factors, to show the damages on the skin.
The dermis has an elastic quality due to its elastin fibers and has a protein called collagen which keeps the skin tight and helps in preventing wrinkles.
Wrinkles and Sagging affect in all the layers of the skin .
As we age, the epidermis loses its ability to shed off the dead cell layer from the surface naturally. It leads to accumulation of destructed and pigmented cells on the skin. So it loses its power to hold on to moisture, which leads to dryness, and eventually fine lines appear on the skin’s surface.
Deeper in the skin, in dermis, collagen and elastin break down, decline both in quantity and quality, which weakens the skin’s support structure. The skin becomes thinner in nature, and is easily affected by external and internal derangements.
During this time itself, fat and oil glands also start to disappear from the skin’s deepest layers(hypodermis), which leads to shrinkage and sagging of the layer.
Together, these effects create prominent lines, deeper wrinkles and furrows.
There is no particular or specific age that everyone is suddenly starting to show wrinkles.
This will be mostly dependant on the nature of skin care and lifestyle provided.
- Age- As age progresses , the natural collagen along with keratinocytes, which help to support the structure, shape and fullness of the skin, decreases and skin cells lose the ability to retain texture, tightness, moisture and tone. Over a period lines and wrinkles appear on the skin.
- Sun- The sun effect is the most important factor in skin wrinkles.
UVA rays affect the deeper layers and UVB rays affect the outer layers, badly damaging the collagen fibers, causing their abnormal accumulation.
This results in production of large amounts of enzymes called metalloproteinases which breakdown collagen at a higher rate than with just chronologic aging. This forms disorganized collagen scars, eventually leading to wrinkles.
This decreases the supportive connective tissue effect in the skin, and it loses its strength and flexibility. This condition is known as solar elastosis and is characterized by Fine Lines, vertical creases, deep wrinkles, and loose or sagging skin
- Smoking- The smoking increases Free radicals in the body, which cause wrinkles by activating the metalloproteinase. This damages the skin’s collagen and leads to depletion of vitamin C which is needed for new collagen formation.
Nicotine reduces blood flow to the skin, results in less oxygen supply to it. Skin becomes sallow and the quantity and quality of cell production decline, leading to dry, damaged skin, that is less resistant to external and internal stresses.
Smokers are five times more likely to have wrinkled facial skin than non-smokers
- Hormone Effects – It is naturally seen that there are skin changes as a result of the hormonal effects of menopause or decreased estrogen production.
- Others like Habitual facial expressions, Stress, The effects of gravity, Air pollutions etc. also contribute their roles to form skin wrinkles
The most realistic way to combat aging is by removing accumulated damages and rejuvenating and restoring the cells to a biologically active younger state.
The Stem Cell Peel exfoliates the damaged topmost layer, paving way for the active lower layer cells to regenerate. The liquid phase of the peel reveals the younger, deeper levels of skin and allow the cream phase to act well, helping increase cell turnover at this level. .
The stem cells stimulate the collagen and elastin fibers, to multiply more, to refill the furrows and wrinkle with newly formed healthy cells. This will help the skin to regain its declining tonicity and integrity.
The endothelial growth factors will activate production of more blood vessels so that the newly forming cells will get more oxygen and nutrition.
Epithelial growth factors will stimulate the epidermal stem cells to multiply more to fill the deep lines appeared on the skin surface.
As the growth factors from stem cell cream can reach the deeper layer also, it will stimulate adipose tissues to produce more fat cells to make the skin more hydrated, thicker and fuller. This will which apparently reduce the wrinkles.
The stem cell peel can be used for the improvement of the wrinkles on back, hands, neck or any other part of the body also.
Repeated treatments, over time will peel away the damaged top layer and renew the lower layer with more fresh cells. This will give effective result in texture and wrinkle correction.