Acne is a condition of the skin that shows up as different types of bumps with or without inflammation and pus. These bumps can be blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, skin cells left with after shedding or cysts. When these particles get clogged inside an open pore or hair follicle, it attracts bacteria, and gets infected.
Scars result from a wound or injury. They are actually like double punishment — first one has to suffer through the injury, and then has the marks as a reminder of the suffering.
When it comes to the problem of Acne Scars, we know that An Acne is already tough and hard enough to deal with. As the scars can be considered as lifetime remarks, this can be the worst part of getting acne.
Acne lesions or pimples happen when open pores or the hair follicles on the skin get plugged with oil and dead skin cells. This follicle is the perfect place for bacteria to grow which results in pus-filled red bumps known as pimples.
When this follicle wall breaks, it leads to scarring naturally, though unwelcomed, as a part of the process of healing . When the rupture occurs only in the superficial epidermal layer, it will lead to a minor lesions and heals quickly.
When bigger lesions arise when it will lead to deep and large break in the follicle wall, injuring the collagen fibers of dermis also. The infected material spills out into the dermis, and destroys healthy skin tissue over there.
So as part of natural healing, dermis produces more collagen, and unfortunately, the finished “repair job” never looks as perfect and flawless as before the injury. This will lead to the scaring.
As there is loss of tissue in acne rupture, they are mostly atrophic, or depressed, scars.
Ice pick scars -They are narrow with a jagged edge usually occur on the cheek. The Skin tissue is destroyed, leaving a long column-like scar.
Depressed fibrotic scars - They have sharp edges with steep vertical sides with a rigid, white non- stretchable base. When the acne rupture destroys collagen, tissue is lost. The skin over this area is left without support, and a depressed area is created.
Rolling scars- They are wide, shallow scars, arise when fibrous bands of tissue develop between the skin and the lower tissue . These bands pull the epidermis, binding it to deeper structures of the skin. This pulling gives the skin a wave like appearance.
Keloid scars - They are not caused by a loss of tissue, but by the overproduction of collagen. So they will be raised from the surface
Skin Debris - The trapped dead skin cells , or blocked pores due to sebum will be preferable sites for the bacteria to grow, making pimples.
Sun and Cosmetics- The use of bad cosmetics and exposure to sun will lead to increase in acne
Hormone imbalance- Fluctuations in Hormones causes the sebaceous glands to overact .
Use of Birth control pills - pills with androgen in them can cause breakouts.
Stress - stress induces the adrenal glands into overproduction of cortisol, a steroid, which in turn makes sebaceous glands produce more oil and make skin extra oily, making it acne prone.
Unhygienic conditions - Oil, dirt and debris on the skin make a good breeding ground of bacteria
Lack of Proper Nutrition- The quantity and quality of food is a strong factor, as proper nutrition is needed for the total turnover of the cells.
Stem Cell Peel Treatment For Acne and Acne Scars
Stem Cell peel is a self-neutralizing peel. This unique peel is formulated with stem cells, the latest in anti-ageing technology. It is safer and effective for Acne, as it encourages healing and works as an anti-inflammatory agent.
It has Antioxidant and cell preservation benefits, which will help in fighting against the action of pathogens, and heals the wound made by acne in a healthy, smoother way. So it dramatically reduces the risk of future scarring.
This peel is useful for sensitive skin also and helps with growth and repair of the resurfaced skin whilst reducing irritation. So it can be considered as the most comfortable peel for acne pone skin.
The Stem Cell peel simply removes a layer of damaged skin from the face by lysis, with the help of lysing factors, to reveal a newer, healthier layer. As this is a deep acting peel, it can reach upto the lower layers also, forcing the damaged cells to be exfoliated.
That means the scars will be getting decreased, if the peel is being done continuously , as it removes the top layers which are scarred. The deeper layer cells, which are damaged by the scar formation, also get lysed making way for new, healthy cell formation.
Then the skin begins to increase cell growth, produces new, healthier skin cells that give the face a more youthful, rejuvenated appearance, softening all the lesions and scars. These rejuvenation will be stimulated by the growth factors present in the solid phase of the peel, so that more cells will be coming and replacing the lesion with these new cells.
The re-epithelialization begins from the surviving islets of keratinocytes and from the skin appendages. The clinical effects of Stem Cell peel are due to the significant increase in dermal volume of epidermal stem cells, collagen, glycosaminoglycans and elastin. This gives fresh and youthful skin, by decreasing the Acne Scars and Pores.
A series of stem cell peels can give significant improvement on the pimpled and scarred skin.